Intermediate - What does she look like - Poddies Collaboration
John: Hi, you're listening to Chinesepod. This is an Intermediate lesson. My name is John.
John: OK Jenny, today we have a boy and a girl talking about someone else?
John: OK, so this other girl, what she looks like
John: So, when you talk about what someone looks like we say....
John: OK, looks like how.
John: Alright, so it sounds like this girl has some motivations for asking about the other girl
John: Yeah. Alright, so anyway let's take a look at the first line and this, uh, sets up the dialogue. What do we hear?
John: OK so, on the weekend I did what? What's the verb here?
John: So this literally means 'bump into', right?
John: Yeah, so in Chinese when you bump into someone by chance you can use this verb which literally means to bump into.
John: Because if you say 碰 that means, like, you actually bumping them
John: So, 'bump into', 碰到
John: And that's two 4th tones, right?
John: Now, in this sentence we have a 了 at the end
John: OK, so you're telling someone something happened, but I thought in that case, like a completed verb, you usually have the 了 directly after the verb, no?
John: You know, what they look like.
John: Right, we're talking about describing a person's appearance
John: Now, of course there is all the Chinese vocabulary associated with this but there are also some cultural things we want to pay attention to because it is not exactly the same as in English, right?
John: Alright, here we go
John: OK, yesterday I went to see a movie
John: So, the 了 comes at the end after the object, movie
John: OK, got it. And then, in the next sentence?
John: So, 小周 has a girlfriend and then there's a 了 here. This is indicating a change of state, right?
John: OK, he didn't have one before, now he has one, so the 了 emphasises that
John: So, it's almost like he GOT a girlfriend, he HAS a girlfriend NOW.
John: Got it
John: OK, so when we ask what someone looks like, it, literally we're saying they 'grow how?'
John: OK, so if I understand you correctly, sometimes you will have the 了 directly after the verb
John: Like here you could say 碰到了
John: Or, sometimes you move it to the end, like after the object
John: Because you're informing someone of some event and that's also a natural way to use 了