I am having trouble with the words qì 氣 and fán 煩 (qì in the sense of ‘angry’ and fán ‘irritated’), because the person who experiences this emotion can be either the object or the subject of the verb, which makes the matter quite confusing:
Bàba qì érzi tài bù yònggōng
‘Dad was angry at his son for not studying hard enough’
Tā bù qì bié de, jiù qì nǐ shìxiān bù dǎ ge zhāohu
‘She was only angry that you didn't tell her beforehand’
Nǐ fán shénme?
‘What are you irritated at?’
Nǐ bié qì wǒ le
‘Don't annoy me’
gùyì qì tā yī qì
‘making him angry on purpose’
Zhè jiàn shì zhēn fán rén
‘This is very irritating’
Granted, sometimes the context helps, but I need a more thorough explanation than that. Can anybody help me out here?
lujiaojieAugust 16, 2010, 09:40 AM
Wǒ xiànzài hěnmáng, nǐ bié fán wǒ le.
I'm really busy right now, don't bother me.
Tiāntiān xiàyǔ, zhēn fánrén.
It's been raining every day. It's so annoying.
Wǒfán tā lǎo gěi wǒ dǎ diànhuà.
I'm bothered by him calling all the time.
气： make angry；enrage
Nǐ bù hǎohǎo xuéxí, qǐsǐ māma le.
If you don't study hard, you'll make your mom really angry.
Wǒ qì tā lǎo bù gěi wǒ dǎ diànhuà.
I'm so mad that he never calls me.