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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 4351 Advanced
Mon Jul 20 2020 | Lyn, Joshua
Our lessons contain natural communication in Chinese in video and audio format. We have have lessons focused on video or a podcast format and our lessons have transcripts of Lesson Dialogues, Important Vocabulary, Expanded Materials for a deep dive into the lesson topic and Exercises focused on testing your retention.
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|后天||hòutiān||acquired (not innate)|
yī kàn dào suān de shíwù jiù bùzìjué de liú xià kǒushuǐ shì yīzhǒng hòutiān xíngchéng de tiáojiànfǎnshè xiànxiàng 。
It is an acquired conditioned reflex that one drools unconsciously when seeing sour food.
tiáojiànfǎnshè zuì guǎngwéirénzhī de shíyàn shì zài shìjì mò yóu Éguó shēnglǐxuéjiā BāfǔLuòfū suǒ jìnxíng de 。
The most well-known conditioned reflex experiment was carried out at the end of 19th century by a Russian physiologist, Pavlov.
tā zài měi yīcì wèi gǒu chī ròu zhīqián dōu huì xiǎng yīcì líng ，gǒu yǒu ròu chī jiù huì liú kǒushuǐ ，jiǔérjiǔzhī ，gǒu yī tīngdào língshēng jiù zhīdào yǒu ròu kě chī ，jiù huì de liú xià kǒushuǐ 。
He rings the bell every time before feeding the dogs. The dogs drool when there's meat to eat. As time passed by, the dogs would know that there's meat to eat once they heard the bell, and they would drool involuntarily.
suǒyǐ tiáojiànfǎnshè jiùshì zhǐ cháng shíjiān xiàlai duì tèdìng zhìyuē cìjī de fǎnyìng 。
Therefore, conditioned reflex indicates the response to a long-term specifically restricted stimulation.
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