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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 2996 Advanced
庄子是中国道家重要的思想家，他的散文以许多充满哲思的寓言为主，处处挑战人们对世界既有的认知，同时也启发人反省自我的生命，从两千年前到现在，始终在中国知识分子的心灵修养上有着不可取代的地位。今天的课程要挑战高级班的你们，从庄子最受欢迎的《逍遥游》原文去接触”第一手”的庄子。现代人虽然已经不说文言文了，但文言的文法、典故在生活中仍是随处可见，有助于提升阅读能力以及对文化的体会。 Image from fionaapple53.blogspot.tw Dialogue Audio: Lamentation by Kevin MacLeod
Fri Dec 02 2016 | Constance Fang, Fiona Tian
Our lessons contain natural communication in Chinese in video and audio format. We have have lessons focused on video or a podcast format and our lessons have transcripts of Lesson Dialogues, Important Vocabulary, Expanded Materials for a deep dive into the lesson topic and Exercises focused on testing your retention.
Each lesson has it's unique vocabulary and will provide you with definitions and recordings so you can practice the pronunciation. You will also be able to grasp the core material of a lesson at a glance. Here we're showing you the Simplified Chinese version.
|北冥||béimíng||the norther ocean; a great lake in the north|
Běimíng yǒu yú ，qí míng wèi kūn 。kūn zhī dà ，bùzhī qí jǐ qiān lǐ yě ；huà ér wèi niǎo ，qí míng wèi péng 。péng zhī bèi ，bùzhī qí jǐ qiān lǐ yě ；nù ér fēi ，qí yì ruò chuítiān zhī yún 。shì niǎo yě ，hǎi yùn zé jiāng xǐ yú Nánmíng 。Nánmíng zhě ，tiānchí yě 。
In the Northern Ocean there is a fish, the name of which is Kun - I do not know how many li in size. It changes into a bird with the name of Peng, the back of which is (also) - I do not know how many li in extent. When this bird rouses itself and flies, its wings are like clouds all round the sky. When the sea is moved (so as to bear it along), it prepares to remove to the Southern Ocean. The Southern Ocean is the Pool of Heaven.
《 Qíxié 》zhě ，zhì guài zhě yě 。《 xié 》zhī yán yuē ：“péng zhī xǐ yú Nánmíng yě ，shuǐ jī sānqiān lǐ ，tuán fúyáo ér shàng zhě jiǔ wàn lǐ ，qù yǐ liùyuè xí zhě yě 。”yěmǎ yě ，chénāi yě ，shēngwù zhī yǐ xí xiāng chuī yě 。tiān zhī cāngcāng ，qí zhèng sè yé ？qí yuǎn ér wúsuǒ zhì jí yé ？qí shì xià yě ，yì ruòshì zé yǐyǐ 。
There is the (book called) Qi Xie, a record of marvels. We have in it these words: ‘When the phang is removing to the Southern Ocean it flaps (its wings) on the water for 3000 li. Then it ascends on a whirlwind 90,000 li, and it rests only at the end of six months.’ (But similar to this is the movement of the breezes which we call) the horses of the fields, of the dust (which quivers in the sunbeams), and of living things as they are blown against one another by the air. Is its azure the proper colour of the sky? Or is it occasioned by its distance and illimitable extent? If one were looking down (from above), the very same appearance would just meet his view.
qiě fú shuǐ zhī jī yě bù hòu ，zé qí fù dàzhōu yě wúlì 。fù bēishuǐ yú àotáng zhī shàng ，zé jiè wèizhī zhōu ；zhì bēi yān zé jiāo ，shuǐ qiǎn ér zhōu dà yě 。fēng zhī jī yě bù hòu ，zé qí fù dàyì yě wúlì 。gù jiǔwàn lǐ ，zé fēng sī zài xià yǐ ，ér hòu nǎi jīn péifēng ；bèi fù qīngtiān ，ér mò zhī yāoè zhě ，ér hòu nǎi jīn jiāng tú nán 。
And moreover, (to speak of) the accumulation of water; if it be not great, it will not have strength to support a large boat. Upset a cup of water in a cavity, and a straw will float on it as if it were a boat. Place a cup in it, and it will stick fast; the water is shallow and the boat is large. (So it is with) the accumulation of wind; if it be not great, it will not have strength to support great wings. Therefore (the peng ascended to) the height of 90,000 li, and there was such a mass of wind beneath it; thenceforth the accumulation of wind was sufficient. As it seemed to bear the blue sky on its back, and there was nothing to obstruct or arrest its course, it could pursue its way to the South.
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