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姓名学 Nomenclature

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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 2928 Advanced
取名字对每个迎接新生儿的家庭来说都是一件值得反复讨论的大事,中国人取名字除了反映父母的期望之外,还有哪些方方面面的讲究呢?赶快来了解一下。 Photo by Sarah Joy
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SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
咨询 zīxún consultation
起名字 qǐ míngzì to create a name
栏目 lánmù column; special report
遵循 zūnxún to abide by
最近接到不少听众朋友打电话来咨询给二胎宝宝起名字的问题。今天栏目中,我们就来简单聊一聊取名字的那些事儿。
zuìjìn jiēdào bùshǎo tīngzhòng péngyou dǎ diànhuà lái zīxún gěi èrtāi bǎobao qǐ míngzì de wèntí 。jīntiān lánmù zhōng ,wǒmen jiù lái jiǎndān liáoyīliáo qǔ míngzi de nàxiē shìr 。
Recently I've received a lot of calls from listeners asking about how to name their 2 kids. In this column let's have a simple discussion of naming issues.
其实不管是不是二胎宝宝,按照起名字的传统,我们一般都遵循几个简单易行的规则。
qíshí bùguǎn shìbushì èrtāi bǎobao ,ànzhào qǐ míngzì de chuántǒng ,wǒmen yībān dōu zūnxún jǐ ge jiǎndān yìxíng de guīzé 。
Actually, whether or not it is two kids, according the naming tradition, we normally follow a few simple, straight-forward rules.
首先是遵照八字与五行的搭配,简单的说,五行有金木水火土,如果八字中缺了某种元素,就在名字中帮忙补齐。
shǒuxiān shì zūnzhào bāzì yǔ wǔxíng de dāpèi ,jiǎndān de shuō ,wǔxíng yǒu jīn mù shuǐ huǒ tǔ ,rúguǒ bāzì zhōng quē le mǒuzhǒng yuánsù ,jiù zài míngzi zhōng bāngmáng bǔ qí 。
First is to match it to the birth date characters and the five phases. Simply speaking, the five phases are metal, wood, water, fire and earth, if among the birth date characters a particular element is missing, this will be compensated for in the characters of the name.
比如五行缺水,起名为淼”;五行缺土,起名为“垚”;五行缺金,起名为“鑫”;五行缺木,起名为“森”;五行缺火,起名为“炎”。
bǐrú wǔxíng quēshuǐ ,qǐmíng wèi miǎo ”;wǔxíng quē tǔ ,qǐmíng wèi “yáo ”;wǔxíng quē jīn ,qǐmíng wèi “xīn ”;wǔxíng quē mù ,qǐmíng wèi “sēn ”;wǔxíng quē huǒ ,qǐmíng wèi “yán ”。
For example, if, among the five phases, there's a lack of water, you can use the character "淼", meaning "flood" in the name, as it is composed of three water radicals; if, among the five phases, earth is lacking, you can use the character "垚" meaning "embankment", as it is composed of three earth radicals; if, among the five phases, metal is lacking, you can use the character "鑫" meaning "prosperity", as it is composed of three metal radicals; if, among the five phases, wood is lacking, you can use the character "森" meaning "forest", as it is composed of three wood radicals; if, among the five phases, fire is lacking, you can use the character "炎" meaning "flame", as it is composed of two fire radicals.
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