Intermediate - Broken Bone
John: Hey ChinesePod listeners, this is an Intermediate lesson. My name is John.
Dilu: 你好，我是 Dilu。
John: Today's lesson, its medical related. What is the key word?
Dilu: 今天的 key word 是骨折。骨折。
John: 骨折 literally means 'bone breaks'.
John: And today's lesson, it actually takes place at a hospital. Someone is trying to figure out if they actually broke a bone, or why it hurts so much.
John: So what's the deal with this girl?
John: 摔了一跤。This is 跤, not 脚。
John: 摔跤 - two 1st tones - that means 'to trip', 'to slip and fall'.
John: So 摔了一跤 means 'tripped and took a fall'.
Dilu: 就是 had a fall.
John: 痛，4th tone. Her foot really hurts.
John: 肿, 3rd tone, that means 'swollen'.
John: Now what he's asking is 'when did you fall?'. 'When did you hurt yourself？'
Dilu: 是在问时间。这里有一个 是...的 pattern。
John: We see the 的 at the end of the sentence, but the 是 is omitted. If the 是 was in there and we had a very full sentence, what would it be?
John: So he's asking a specific question about the past. 'When did you trip and fall?' That's why we use the 是...的 - trying to get at that specific information.
John: Here we have a 了 at the end, so its been about 3 hours.
John: So that 了 tells us that its up until now, the time is still continuing. So 'its been about 3 hours'.
John: 捏, 1st tone, doesn't that mean 'pinch'?
Dilu: 可以是 pinch，也可以是拿一个手，这个手去捏，to squeeze.
John: Squeeze with your whole hand.
John: Anyway, he's applying pressure. So 捏 can be as small as a pinch, or as big as a squeeze (of) someone's whole foot with your hand.
John: When he does that, it hurts.
John: Then the doctor tells her to do what?
John: X光。光 is 1st tone.
John: 光 means 'light'.
Dilu: 他这里指的是那种 laser，之类的。
John: You might call it a ray.
John: So xray in Chinese is ...
John: Remember in Chinese how do you say 'take a picture'?
John: So that's a regular photograph. But if you want to take an xray, you say ...