Intermediate - Children's Train Ticket
John: Hey guys, this is ChinesePod, I'm John, Intermediate lesson.
John: In today's lesson, we're going to talk about train tickets.
John: Train tickets, haven't we done this lesson before?
John: So we're going to buy a special kind of ticket in this dialog.
John: 高铁. So is that 'high iron'? Is that an elevated railway?
John: So 'high speed rail'.
John: So that's usually just called ...
John: 1st tone, 3rd tone.
John: So listen into this specialized train ticket lesson. Here we go.
0:54 - Dialog
John: Hold on, that's a lot of information. So first of all we heard the measure word for tickets.
John: And how many?
John: So if we were to make this simple, its two ... what?
John: So two train tickets. But we know its the high speed rail. So how do we say that?
John: Remember 高铁 is 1st tone and 3rd tone.
Dilu: 是的。我们刚刚又说过就是high speed rail。
John: OK. So we know that its two high speed rail tickets, but now we also want to add in that they go to 南京 on the 18th.
John: So altogether?
John: And then more details. What kind of tickets are they?
John: 成人, two 2nd tones, that means 'adult'.
John: Now we have 成人的. What is this 的 doing exactly?
John: OK, so you can drop that 票.
John: So one for an adult, and the other one is ...
John: 儿童 - that's also two 2nd tones.
John: OK. So that's 'child'. So the word for 'adult' is ...
John: And the word for 'child'.
John: Are these formal?
John: So 大人 - 'big person' - that means 'an adult'.
John: In a more informal way.
John: And then 孩子 of course is 'child'. So 儿童 is kind of formal.
John: So when you buy tickets, you're going to see these words.
John: Got it. So then the ticket seller asks about the child.
John: So 'how old is the child?' Now there's a 了 here, kind of like 'how old is the child now?' Does that 了 have to be there?
John: And then in the response we see 四岁半.
John: And there's no 了 there. So you could put it there, or you could drop it.
John: Its kind of like 'the child is four and a half now', 'the child is four and a half', is basically the same thing.
John: So which sentence do we have to add the 了 in?
John: 超过 - that means 'to exceed'.
John: What are the tones?
John: So its kind of like asking 'has the child exceeded 1.2 metres in height?'
John: So either he has, and then you need the 了, or he hasn't, then you just say 没有 and there's no 了.
John: So if the child had exceeded 1.2 metres, the person would have said ...
John: Or just 超过了, you could say that?
John: Got it. So the key is 没有超过一米二, then what?
John: So you don't have to buy a ticket, but then of course the question is ...
John: 座位, two 4th tones.
John: That means 'a seat'.
John: Especially a fixed seat like you buy in a train.
John: 没有作为, so then what do they do?
John: 'Sit on the adult's legs'.
John: So in English we have a special word for 'lap', in Chinese its just 'on your legs'.
John: On your thighs when the person in sitting.
John: But the person buying the tickets isn't crazy about this 坐在腿上 idea.
John: Now we've got a pattern here. What was the first word in the pattern?
John: And then there's another little phrase that ends this first chunk. What is it?
John: And when you have 如果 you often have another word like 'if ... then' - the 'then' part.
Dilu: That is 就。如果blah blah的话，就 blah blah blah.
John: Sometimes you just have 如果 and 就. Sometimes you just have 如果 and 的话. Sometimes you only have 如果. So you've got to know all these. Let's hear that sentence one more time though.
John: So if I buy a ticket, then I have a seat.
John: This 有的, there's a 的. Does there have to be a 的?
John: So it adds this confident tone of voice to the reply.
John: 'Definitely does'. 有的. So he decides to buy the ticket, but then there's a question about the time.
John: So this 几点的, what is this 的 doing?
John: 'You want a ticket for what time?' Or 'you want tickets for what time?'
John: Then the question is about 'does it go directly to the destination'. What was the question?
John: First of all, the first phrase, 这趟车. What does that mean? What is 趟?
Dilu: 趟是一个measure word。但是它说的不是这个车itself。
John: Its not a measure word for the car, or for the train, its the measure word for the trip.
John: Its kind of like asking about a flight, we're asking about a train route.
John: So 这趟车 refers to this train route.
John: And what was the question again?
John: You'll notice in the question, it starts with a 是, and then has a 的 on the end, so we have the 是...的 pattern. And you'll see that this is frequently used when you want to get some details about something.
John: Again, the question is ...
John: So 'is it direct to 南京?'
John: Two 2nd tones.
John: 直接到达。'Directly arrive'.
John: You have to change trains. That's a pain.
John: So after all this, he did decide to get the children's ticket, the 儿童票. So how much does it cost?
John: 半价, that's 'half price'.
John: The tones are ...
John: Got it. The rest of the maths is kind of boring, we won't go into that.
John: All right.
10:17 - Dialog
John: I think you mentioned before too that foreigner's opinion on this matter and Chinese opinions on this matter tend to differ.
John: So most Chinese people won't buy a ticket for their child because ...
John: So they're used to putting their kids on their laps to save money.
John: They're used to it.
John: Anyway you have the option, just keep that in mind when you buy your train tickets if you're doing it yourself, and good luck buying the tickets.