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Abbreviations and Contractions

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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 2589 Intermediate
When studying Chinese, you'll likely be blown away by the amount of abbreviations and contractions there are, particularly in newspapers, in which abbreviations make the sentences impossible to read without knowledge of the context. In this lesson you can get to grips with a few abbreviations, which will take away the panic when you come across something you don't understand.
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Detailed Vocabulary
Each lesson has it's unique vocabulary and will provide you with definitions and recordings so you can practice the pronunciation. You will also be able to grasp the core material of a lesson at a glance. Here we're showing you the Simplified Chinese version.
SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
驻京办 zhùjīngbàn BJO (Beijing Office)
减负 jiǎnfù to alleviate someone's burden
缩略语 suōlüèyǔ abbreviation; contraction
zhù stationed in
王老师,什么是“驻京办”?还有这个,“为学生减负”里的“减负”?
Wáng lǎoshī ,shénme shì “zhùjīngbàn ”?háiyǒu zhè ge ,“wèi xuésheng jiǎnfù ”lǐ de “jiǎnfù ”?
Mr Wang, what does "驻京办" mean? And this, the "减负" in "为学生减负"?
哦,是缩略语啊。比如“驻京办”就是驻北京办事处,“减负”就是减轻负担。
ò ,shì suōlüèyǔ ā 。bǐrú “zhùjīngbàn ”jiùshì zhù Běijīng bànshìchù ,“jiǎnfù ”jiùshì jiǎnqīng fùdān 。
Oh, it's an abbreviation. For example "驻京办" is short for "驻北京办事处" or Beijing Office and "减负" is short for "减轻负担", which means to alleviate someone's burden.
这样的用法在中文里有很多吗?
zhèyàng de yòngfǎ zài Zhōngwén lǐ yǒu hěn duō ma ?
Is that kind of usage very common in Chinese?
有很多,为了方便,有时候就会使用缩略语或简写。和英语一样啊。
yǒu hěn duō ,wèile fāngbiàn ,yǒushíhou jiù huì shǐyòng suōlüèyǔ huò jiǎnxiě 。hé yīngyǔ yīyàng ā 。
Yes, very common, sometimes we use abbreviations or simplifications for convenience sake. The same as in English!
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