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赤壁怀古

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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 4039 Advanced
《念奴娇 - 赤壁怀古》是豪放诗派最具代表性的作品之一,也是苏东坡最为人所熟知的一阙词。在《猛虎与蔷薇》里面我们学到的“大江东去”就是出自这阙词,所以不妨真的来学学这首可以说是中国人最喜欢的词吧!
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SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
豪放派 háofàng pài bold and unconstrained faction
代表作 dàibiǎozuò representative work
又名 yòu míng another name
赤壁 Chìbì Red Cliffs
宋代文学家苏轼的《念奴娇》一词为宋词豪放派的代表作之一,又名《赤壁怀古》。上阙因景生情,从江水滔滔流去联想到消逝在历史长河中的英雄人物,人说赤壁为三国时代古战场,当年周公瑾在此,以弱胜强,击退曹魏,确立三国鼎立之势。
Sòng Dài wénxuéjiā Sū Shì de 《 niànnújiāo 》yī cí wèi Sòngcí háofàng pài de dàibiǎozuò zhīyī ,yòu míng 《 Chìbì huái gǔ 》。shàng què yīn jǐng shēng qíng ,cóng jiāng shuǐ tāotāo liú qù liánxiǎng dào xiāoshì zài lìshǐ cháng hé zhōng de yīngxióng rénwù ,rén shuō Chìbì wèi Sānguó shídài gǔ zhànchǎng ,dāngnián Zhōu Gōngjǐn zài cǐ ,yǐ ruò shèng strong ,jītuì Cáowèi ,quèlì Sānguó dǐnglì zhī shì 。
Song Dynasty literati Su Shi's ci poem 'The Charm of the Courtesan Niannu' is representative of the bold and unconstrained ci faction, and is also called 'Recalling the Past on the Red Cliffs'. The first section uses the landscape to set the tone, from the gurgling flow of the river we think of the historical figures who have disappeared in the river of time. It is said that the red cliffs were the site of an ancient battle during the Three Kingdoms Period. At that time Zhou Yu triumphed from a position of weakness here, forcing the Cao Wei to retreat and ensuring the continuance of the triumvirate states.
下半阙借古抒怀、情理交融,遥想周郎何等英雄气概、何等镇定潇洒,然而山河依旧,豪杰安在?转念想到自己怀才不遇,孤身一人在此追想故国英雄,不禁笑叹自己的多情多思。
xià bàn què jiè gǔ shūhuái 、qínglǐ jiāoróng ,yáoxiǎng Zhōu láng héděng yīngxióng qìgài 、héděng zhèndìng xiāosǎ ,ránér shān hé yījiù ,háojié ān zài ?zhuǎn niàn xiǎngdào zìjǐ huái cái bùyù ,gūshēn yī rén zài cǐ zhuīxiǎng gùguó yīngxióng ,bùjīn xiào tàn zìjǐ de duōqíng duōsī 。
The last half of the poem uses the ancient world to express emotion, fusing rationality and emotion, thinking back on how heroic Zhou Yu must have been, how unperturbed and dashing, however the mountains and the rivers remain, but where are the heroes? Then the poet's thoughts turn to his own unrecognized talent, thinking back on heroes from fallen heroes in solitude, and can't help but laugh resignedly at being overcome by thoughts and emotions.
词末以人生如梦之叹,转樽酒敬江月为结,梦与江月皆属虚幻,孑然一身的孤独却又十分真实,人生境遇多苦,与其沉溺,不如放开胸怀、喝酒赏月,方不失洒脱。
cí mò yǐ rénshēng rú mèng zhī tàn ,zhuǎn zūnjiǔ jìng jiāngyuè wèi jié ,mèng yǔ jiāngyuè jiē shǔ xūhuàn ,jiérán yīshēn de gūdú què yòu shífēn zhēnshí ,rénshēng jìngyù duō kǔ ,yǔqí chénnì ,bùrú fàngkāi xiōnghuái 、hējiǔ shǎng yuè ,fāng bùshī sǎtuō 。
The poem ends with exasperation at how life is like a dream, and ends with a toast to the moon's reflection on the river. Both the dreams and the moon on the river's surface are illusory, the lonely solitude is quite real. Rather than wallowing in the pain of one's life circumstance, it's perhaps better to open one's mind, and drink while admiring the moon, letting go of all constraints.
那撒向江水的一樽酒,便连接了这虚幻与真实,仿佛穿越了时空,把诗人孤单却激越的情怀投入了那冠盖云集的古三国战场上,也让他寂寥的心得到了些许慰藉。
nà sā xiàng jiāng shuǐ de yī zūn jiǔ ,biàn liánjiē le zhè xūhuàn yǔ zhēnshí ,fǎngfú chuānyuè le shíkōng ,bǎ shīrén gūdān què jīyuè de qínghuái tóurù le nà guàngàiyúnjí de gǔ guó zhànchǎng shàng ,yě ràng tā jìliáo de xīn dédào le xiē xǔ wèijiè 。
The cup of alcohol sprinkled on the river water, links the illusory with the real, as if passing through time and space, infusing the poet's lonely yet intense mood into the overcast skies of the battleground of the Three Kingdoms, giving some consolation to his lonely heart.
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