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词库理论

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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 3094 Advanced
学习语言的你,对于如何学得最自然、学得最有效一定有过无数次的思考与反省,找对方法、选对材料、遇到好老师以外,认识“语言”这个事物的本质也是一种途径,来听听看我们如何深入浅出地从语言学的观点谈语言学习的诀窍。
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Detailed Vocabulary
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SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
词汇学 cíhuìxué lexicology
期刊 qīkān journal
学界 xuéjiè academia
要素 yàosù factor
老师,您的专业是词汇学,您也一直强调词汇的重要性,可是我很困惑,根据我自己的学习经验,明明积累了一大堆的单词,语言能力也并没有因此显著提高,很多期刊文章仍然看不懂。
lǎoshī ,nín de zhuānyè shì cíhuìxué ,nín yě yīzhí qiángdiào cíhuì de zhòngyàoxìng ,kěshì wǒ hěn kùnhuò ,gēnjù wǒ zìjǐ de xuéxí jīngyàn ,míngmíng jīlěi le yīdàduī de dāncí ,yǔyán nénglì yě bìng méiyǒu yīncǐ xiǎnzhù tígāo ,hěn duō qīkān wénzhāng réngrán kànbudǒng 。
Sir, your specialism is lexicology, and you always underline the importance of lexicon, but I'm confused. According to my own learning experience, I've accumulated a large vocabulary, but my language ability has not improved noticeably as a result. There are still a lot of journal articles that I can't understand.
你的困惑也是大部分学习者的困惑,这么说吧,在学习一门语言之前,真正理解词汇在语言当中的地位是很重要的,它甚至可以完全改变你对语言学习的理解和看法。
nǐ de kùnhuò yě shì dàbùfēn xuéxízhě de kùnhuò ,zhèmeshuō ba ,zài xuéxí yī mén yǔyán zhīqián ,zhēnzhèng lǐjiě cíhuì zài yǔyán dāngzhōng de dìwèi shì hěn zhòngyào de ,tā shènzhì kěyǐ wánquán gǎibiàn nǐ duì yǔyán xuéxí de lǐjiě hé kànfǎ 。
Your confusion is a confusion for a majority of students too. Put it this way. Before learning a language, really understanding the role of words in language is very important. It can even completely change your understanding and view of language.
学界关于语言要素的地位的争论众说纷纭,既然您的见解是“词汇就是一门语言的一切”,那要如何正确理解这句话呢?
xuéjiè guānyú yǔyán yàosù de dìwèi de zhēnglùn zhòngshuōfēnyún ,jìrán nín de jiànjiě shì “cíhuì jiùshì yī mén yǔyán de yīqiè ”,nà yào rúhé zhèngquè lǐjiě zhè jù huà ne ?
There are many different contesting schools of opinion on the role of language. Even if your interpretation is "vocabulary is everything in a language", then how do you go about interpreting this sentence correctly?
好,那么首先我们先要来认识这样一个概念,那就是词汇是语言的信息库,根据乔姆斯基的词库理论,词库就是大脑内的一部字典、一个储存库。
hǎo ,nàme shǒuxiān wǒmen xiān yàolái rènshi zhèyàng yī gè gàiniàn ,nà jiùshì cíhuì shì yǔyán de xìnxīkù ,gēnjù Qiáomǔsījī de cíkù lǐlùn ,cíkù jiùshì dànǎo nèi de yī bù zìdiǎn 、yī gè chǔcúnkù 。
OK. So first of all we have to understand a concept. The concept that vocabulary is the repository of a language. According to Noam Chomsky's theory lexicon, the lexicon is the brain's internal dictionary, a repository.
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