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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 4338 Advanced
Wed Jun 10 2020 | Yuanhao, Yawen
Our lessons contain natural communication in Chinese in video and audio format. We have have lessons focused on video or a podcast format and our lessons have transcripts of Lesson Dialogues, Important Vocabulary, Expanded Materials for a deep dive into the lesson topic and Exercises focused on testing your retention.
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|滥竽充数||lànyúchōngshù||lit. to play the yu organ to make up numbers (idiom); fig. to make up the numbers with inferior products; to masquerade as having an ability|
|距今||jùjīn||before the present|
|战国时代||ZhànguóShídài||the Warring States period (475-221 BC)|
zài jùjīn dàyuē liǎng qiān sān bǎi duō nián qián ，ZhànguóShídài Qíguó de yī Rèn guójūn QíXuānwáng ，tèbié xǐhuan tīng yòng yú chuīzòu chūlái de yuèqǔ 。QíXuānwáng tóngshí yě shì yī wèi àihào páichang de rén ，yǒu tiān tā mìnglìng shǒuxià tì tā gāoxīn pìnqǐng le sān bǎi wèi shàncháng chuīzòu yú de yuèshī ，zǔ le yī Zhī dà yuèduì ，zhīhòu gésānchàwǔ jiù ràng zhè sānbǎi wèi yuèshī jù zài yīkuàir5 hézòu gěi tā tīng 。
Around two thousand three hundred years ago, during the Warring States Period, there was a king from the Qi State, King Xuan of the State of Qi, who adored listening to musical compositions by the yu. The King was also someone who loved extravagant scenes. One day, he set out an order to his men to hire 300 musicians that played the yu to form an orchestra. After this, he would have these 300 musicians play the yu for him as an ensemble every few days.
hòulái yǒu wèi Nánguō Xiānsheng tīngshuō le zhè shì ，xīnli zhuómo zhe ，juéde zhè kěshì ge lāoqián de dà hǎo jīhuì ，yúshì tā qiānfāngbǎijì de hùnjìn le nà Zhī yuèduì 。suīrán tā gēnběn bùhuì chuī yú ，dàn měi huí yuèduì yǎnzòu ，tā dōu gēnzhe zhuāngmózuòyàng ，shǒuzhǐ zhème àn yī àn ，tóu nàme Yáo yī Yáo ，bùshí de liúlù chū chénzuì de biǎoqíng ，kàn zhe hái zhēn xiàng shì yī wèi zhuānyè de yuèshī 。fǎnzhèng méi chuī chū shēng ，yě bùhuì chūcuò bèi fāxiàn 。
When a man named Nan Guo heard about this, he pondered to himself, thinking this is an amazing opportunity to fish for bucks. Therefore, he did everything possible to infiltrate this orchestra. Although he does not know how to play the yu at all, he just had to press a finger or two, nod his head a few times, and occasionally express that he is fully immersed to look like a real musician. As long as he doesn’t play out any sounds, no one would know if there was a mistake anyway.
tā jiù zhèyàng hòuyánwúchǐ de ménghùn le xǔduō nián ，hé qítā yuèshī lǐng zhe yīyàng yōuwò de xīnshuǐ ，guò zhe bùchóuchīchuān de shēnghuó 。
So he shamelessly deceived everyone like this for many years, receiving the same generous pay as the other musicians and living a comfortable life without having to worry about food or clothes.
ruògān nián hòu QíXuānwáng guòshì ，tā de érzi QíMǐnwáng jìchéng le wángwèi 。zhèwèi QíMǐnwáng hé tā diē yīyàng yě xǐhuan tīng rén chuīzòu yú ，bùtóng de shì ，tā xǐhuan tīng dúzòu 。yǒu tiān ，tā bānbù le dào mìnglìng ，yāoqiú gétiān ràng nà sān bǎi wèi yuèshī zhúyī chuī yú gěi tā tīng 。yuèshī men tīngwén mìnglìng dōu xiāngdāng kāixīn ，dàjiā dōu xiǎngyào zài jūnwáng miànqián dàzhǎnshēnshǒu ，zhǐyǒu nà wèi lànyúchōngshù de Nánguō xiānsheng juéde fēicháng xīnxū ，shífēn jiāolu:4 。xīnxiǎng ：”zhè kěshì qījūnzhīzuì ，yào shātóu de a ！wǒ hái bùdé gǎnjǐn liūzhīdàjí ？”yúshì liánmáng shōushi xíngli ，yǒu duō yuǎn táo duō yuǎn le 。
Some years later, the King passed away and his son, the King Min, inherited the throne. The King was similar to his dad in that he also loved listening to the yu. The difference was that he preferred solo performances. One day, he enacted an order, asking the 300 musicians to play the yu for him one by one. The musicians were quite happy to hear this order since they all wanted to show their talent in front of the King. However, Nan Guo, who has been pretending to play the yu, felt very guilty and anxious about this order. He thought “This is a crime of deceiving the King, people are decapitated over this! I must escape right this moment!” So he urgently packed his luggage and fled as far as he could.
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