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滥竽充数的故事

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ID: 4338 Advanced
你听过滥竽充数这个成语吗?你知道他背后的故事吗?这个成语的意思是没有能力的人假装很有才能。我们快来听听这个故事吧!
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SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
滥竽充数 lànyúchōngshù lit. to play the yu organ to make up numbers (idiom); fig. to make up the numbers with inferior products; to masquerade as having an ability
距今 jùjīn before the present
国君 guójūn monarch
战国时代 ZhànguóShídài the Warring States period (475-221 BC)
在距今大约两千三百多年前,战国时代齐国的一任国君齐宣王,特别喜欢听用竽吹奏出来的乐曲。齐宣王同时也是一位爱好排场的人,有天他命令手下替他高薪聘请了三百位擅长吹奏竽的乐师,组了一支大乐队,之后隔三差五就让这三百位乐师聚在一块儿合奏给他听。
zài jùjīn dàyuē liǎng qiān sān bǎi duō nián qián ,ZhànguóShídài Qíguó de yī Rèn guójūn QíXuānwáng ,tèbié xǐhuan tīng yòng yú chuīzòu chūlái de yuèqǔ 。QíXuānwáng tóngshí yě shì yī wèi àihào páichang de rén ,yǒu tiān tā mìnglìng shǒuxià tì tā gāoxīn pìnqǐng le sān bǎi wèi shàncháng chuīzòu yú de yuèshī ,zǔ le yī Zhī dà yuèduì ,zhīhòu gésānchàwǔ jiù ràng zhè sānbǎi wèi yuèshī jù zài yīkuàir5 hézòu gěi tā tīng 。
Around two thousand three hundred years ago, during the Warring States Period, there was a king from the Qi State, King Xuan of the State of Qi, who adored listening to musical compositions by the yu. The King was also someone who loved extravagant scenes. One day, he set out an order to his men to hire 300 musicians that played the yu to form an orchestra. After this, he would have these 300 musicians play the yu for him as an ensemble every few days.
后来有位南郭先生听说了这事,心里琢磨着,觉得这可是个捞钱的大好机会,于是他千方百计地混进了那支乐队。虽然他根本不会吹竽,但每回乐队演奏,他都跟着装模作样,手指这么按一按,头那么摇一摇,不时地流露出沉醉的表情,看着还真像是一位专业的乐师。反正没吹出声,也不会出错被发现。
hòulái yǒu wèi Nánguō Xiānsheng tīngshuō le zhè shì ,xīnli zhuómo zhe ,juéde zhè kěshì ge lāoqián de dà hǎo jīhuì ,yúshì tā qiānfāngbǎijì de hùnjìn le nà Zhī yuèduì 。suīrán tā gēnběn bùhuì chuī yú ,dàn měi huí yuèduì yǎnzòu ,tā dōu gēnzhe zhuāngmózuòyàng ,shǒuzhǐ zhème àn yī àn ,tóu nàme Yáo yī Yáo ,bùshí de liúlù chū chénzuì de biǎoqíng ,kàn zhe hái zhēn xiàng shì yī wèi zhuānyè de yuèshī 。fǎnzhèng méi chuī chū shēng ,yě bùhuì chūcuò bèi fāxiàn 。
When a man named Nan Guo heard about this, he pondered to himself, thinking this is an amazing opportunity to fish for bucks. Therefore, he did everything possible to infiltrate this orchestra. Although he does not know how to play the yu at all, he just had to press a finger or two, nod his head a few times, and occasionally express that he is fully immersed to look like a real musician. As long as he doesn’t play out any sounds, no one would know if there was a mistake anyway.
他就这样厚颜无耻地蒙混了许多年,和其他乐师领着一样优渥的薪水,过着不愁吃穿的生活。
tā jiù zhèyàng hòuyánwúchǐ de ménghùn le xǔduō nián ,hé qítā yuèshī lǐng zhe yīyàng yōuwò de xīnshuǐ ,guò zhe bùchóuchīchuān de shēnghuó 。
So he shamelessly deceived everyone like this for many years, receiving the same generous pay as the other musicians and living a comfortable life without having to worry about food or clothes.
若干年后齐宣王过世,他的儿子齐愍王继承了王位。这位齐愍王和他爹一样也喜欢听人吹奏竽,不同的是,他喜欢听独奏。有天,他颁布了道命令,要求隔天让那三百位乐师逐一吹竽给他听。乐师们听闻命令都相当开心,大家都想要在君王面前大展身手,只有那位滥竽充数的南郭先生觉得非常心虚,十分焦虑。心想:”这可是欺君之罪,要杀头的啊!我还不得赶紧溜之大吉?”于是连忙收拾行李,有多远逃多远了。
ruògān nián hòu QíXuānwáng guòshì ,tā de érzi QíMǐnwáng jìchéng le wángwèi 。zhèwèi QíMǐnwáng hé tā diē yīyàng yě xǐhuan tīng rén chuīzòu yú ,bùtóng de shì ,tā xǐhuan tīng dúzòu 。yǒu tiān ,tā bānbù le dào mìnglìng ,yāoqiú gétiān ràng nà sān bǎi wèi yuèshī zhúyī chuī yú gěi tā tīng 。yuèshī men tīngwén mìnglìng dōu xiāngdāng kāixīn ,dàjiā dōu xiǎngyào zài jūnwáng miànqián dàzhǎnshēnshǒu ,zhǐyǒu nà wèi lànyúchōngshù de Nánguō xiānsheng juéde fēicháng xīnxū ,shífēn jiāolu:4 。xīnxiǎng :”zhè kěshì qījūnzhīzuì ,yào shātóu de a !wǒ hái bùdé gǎnjǐn liūzhīdàjí ?”yúshì liánmáng shōushi xíngli ,yǒu duō yuǎn táo duō yuǎn le 。
Some years later, the King passed away and his son, the King Min, inherited the throne. The King was similar to his dad in that he also loved listening to the yu. The difference was that he preferred solo performances. One day, he enacted an order, asking the 300 musicians to play the yu for him one by one. The musicians were quite happy to hear this order since they all wanted to show their talent in front of the King. However, Nan Guo, who has been pretending to play the yu, felt very guilty and anxious about this order. He thought “This is a crime of deceiving the King, people are decapitated over this! I must escape right this moment!” So he urgently packed his luggage and fled as far as he could.
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