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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 2992 Advanced
朱自清是最重要的中国现代散文家之一，他的作品《背影》更是同时被选入两岸三地的中学教科书中，因此几乎人人都读过这篇文章，甚至能够背诵其中的一些句子，由此可知此文的重要性与经典性质。今天就跟着我们的课程进入作家对父亲的思念当中，并从中探讨父子亲情在传统社会中如何表现。由于篇幅的关系，分成（上）（下）两课讨论。 Watch part one here.
Fri Nov 25 2016 | Constance Fang, Fiona Tian
Our lessons contain natural communication in Chinese in video and audio format. We have have lessons focused on video or a podcast format and our lessons have transcripts of Lesson Dialogues, Important Vocabulary, Expanded Materials for a deep dive into the lesson topic and Exercises focused on testing your retention.
Each lesson has it's unique vocabulary and will provide you with definitions and recordings so you can practice the pronunciation. You will also be able to grasp the core material of a lesson at a glance. Here we're showing you the Simplified Chinese version.
wǒ shuō dào ，“bàba ，nǐ zǒu ba 。”tā wàng chē wài kàn le kàn ，shuō ，“wǒ mǎi jǐ ge júzi qù 。nǐ jiù zài cǐ de ，bù yào zǒudòng 。”wǒ kàn nàbiān yuètái de zhàlan wài yǒu jǐ ge mài dōngxi de děng zhe gùkè 。zǒudào nàbiān yuètái ，xū chuānguò tiědào ，xū tiào xiàqu yòu pá shàngqu 。
I said: "Father, you head off". He looks out of the train and says: "I'm going to buy some tangerines, you stay here, don't go anywhere". Beyond the railing of the other platform, were a couple of vendors waiting for customers. To get to that platform, you had to jump down to the tracks and climb up the other side.
fùqin shì yī gè pàngzi ，zǒu guòqù zìrán yào fèishì xiē 。wǒ běnlái yào qù de ，tā bù kěn ，zhǐhǎo ràng tā qù 。wǒ kànjiàn tā dài zhe hēibù xiǎomào ，chuān zhe hēibù dà mǎguà ，shēnqīng bù miánpáo ，pánshān de zǒu dào tiědào biān ，mànmàn tàn shēn xiàqu ，shàng bù dà nán 。kěshì tā chuānguò tiědào ，yào pá shàng nàbiān yuètái ，jiù bù róngyì le 。tā yòng liǎng shǒu pān zhe shàngmian ，liǎng jiǎo zài xiàng shàng suō ；tā féipàng de shēnzi xiàng zuǒ wēi qīng ，xiǎn chū nǔlì de yàngzi 。zhè shí wǒ kànjiàn tā de bèiyǐng ，wǒ de lèi hěnkuài de liú xiàlai le 。wǒ gǎnjǐn shìgān le lèi ，pà tā kànjiàn ，yě pà biérén kànjiàn 。wǒ zài xiàngwài kàn shí ，tā yǐ bào le zhūhóng de júzi wàng huí zǒu le 。
My father's a big guy, to get there would be quite a bit of effort for him. I wanted to go instead, but he just wouldn't let me. I just had to give into my insistent father. I looked over at my father, in his black cloth cap, black knee-length robe and dark green cotton-padded jacket, teetering his way toward the railway and lowering his way down there, which wasn't too difficult. Yet, the difficult part was climbing up to the platform after crossing the tracks. He tightly placed his hands on the top of the platform, shrinking back his legs, his heavy body tilted slightly to the left. The sight was of a many trying his very best. As I took this scene in, looking at his back, my tears rushed down my face. I rushed to wipe away my tears, afraid of being seen by him, or by any others. When I look out again, he was already on his way back, carrying those bright tangerines.
guò tiě dào shí ，tā xiān jiāng júzi sànfàng fàng zài dìshang ，zìjǐ mànmàn pá xià ，zài bào qǐ júzi zǒu 。dào zhèbiān shí ，wǒ gǎnjǐn qù chān tā 。tā hé wǒ zǒu dào chēshang ，jiāng júzi yīgǔnǎor fàng zài wǒ de pídàyī shàng 。yúshì pūpū yī shàng de nítǔ ，xīnli hěn qīngsōng shìde ，guò yīhuì shuō ，“wǒ zǒu le ；dào nàbiān lái xìn ！”wǒ wàng zhe tā zǒu chūqù 。tā zǒu le jǐ bù ，huí guò tóu kànjiàn wǒ ，shuō ，“jìnqù ba ，lǐbiān méi rén 。”děng tā de bèiyǐng húnrù láiláiwǎngwǎng de rén lǐ ，zài zhǎo bù zháo le ，wǒ biàn jìnlai zuòxia ，wǒ de yǎnlèi yòu lái le 。
As he was crossing the tracks, he first placed the tangerines on the platform. He then slowly lowered himself to the tracks and picked the tangerines back up to walk over. When he got to my side of the track, I rushed to help him. As he and I got back onto the train, he placed all the tangerines on my fur coat. He patted the dirt off his jacket, and looked very satisfied. After a moment, he said to me: ”I am leaving now. Remember to write to me! ”. I looked over as he walked out. After just a few steps, he looked back at me and said "Go back in, your things are unattended". Once he disappeared into the bustling crowd and I could find him no more, I came in and sat down. My tears came again.
jìnjǐniánlái ，fùqin hé wǒ dōu shì dōng bēn xī zǒu ，jiāzhōng guāngjǐng shì yīrì bùrú yīrì 。tā shàonián chūwài móushēng ，dúlì zhīchí ，zuò le xǔduō dàshì 。nǎ zhī lǎojìng què rúcǐ tuítáng ！tā chùmù shānghuái ，zìrán qíng bùnéng zìyǐ 。qíng yù yú zhōng ，zìrán yào fā zhī yú wài ；jiātíng suǒxiè biàn wǎngwǎng chù tā zhī nù 。tā dài wǒ jiànjiàn bùtóng wǎngrì 。dàn zuìjìn liǎng nián de bùjiàn ，tā zhōngyú wàngquè wǒ de bù hǎo ，zhǐshì diànji zhe wǒ ，diànji zhe wǒ de érzi 。
In the recent year, both father and I have been very busy with work in separate parts of the country. The family finances continue to deteriorate day by day. When he was young, he left home to make a living. He had achieved so many great things all by himself. Who would have imagined his older years to be so disheartening. It is no surprise that as he looks back on his life and feels sad and dispirited. These circumstances made him very temperamental and every trivial matter at home made him angry. He started to treat me differently than he did before. After these recent two years of separation, however, he finally forgot about my failing and started to showing interest and tenderness to my son and I.
Each lesson is centered around a natural dialogue with key vocabulary directly prepared and translated for your use. You can also listen to each sentence as an individual recording to improve your listening and comprehension skills.
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