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外交辞令 3/4 (Diplomat Series)

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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 2893 Advanced
  听完了一大串的文言文,回到现代来了解一下在当今社会、真实的外交事件中,用的又是哪些特别的辞令,这可以帮助你进一步认识中国对于相关国际事件的态度与反应。 Photo by David Morris
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SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
独特 dútè unique
吐槽 tùcáo to make fun of; to mock
千篇一律 qiānpiānyīlǜ stereotyped and repetitive
解读 jiědú to interpret
说完历史渊源,我们再来看一看,现代国际社会,尤其是中国外交中常出现的一些基本外交辞令,目前外交部也有着一套独特的话语系统。
shuōwán lìshǐ yuānyuán ,wǒmen zài lái kànyikàn ,xiàndài guójìshèhuì ,yóuqí shì Zhōngguó wàijiāo zhōng cháng chūxiàn de yīxiē jīběn wàijiāo cílìng ,mùqián wàijiāobù yě yǒu zhe yītào dútè de huàyǔ xìtǒng 。
After reviewing the origins, let's look now at basic diplomatic rhetoric in the contemporary international community, especially in Chinese diplomacy, as currently the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has its own unique language system.
那些被普通民众吐槽“假大空”千篇一律而无实际内容的“外交辞令”,在我们新闻发言人眼里,却有着极为严格的表达规范,并且有着十分丰富的解读空间。有的时候真是到了只可意会,不可言传的程度。
nàxiē bèi pǔtōng mínzhòng tùcáo “jiǎ dà kòng ”qiānpiānyīlǜ ér wú shíjì nèiróng de “wàijiāo cílìng ”,zài wǒmen xīnwén fāyánrén yǎn lǐ ,què yǒuzhe jíwéi yángé de biǎodá guīfàn ,bìngqiě yǒu zhe shífēn fēngfù de jiědú kōngjiān 。yǒudeshíhou zhēn shì dào le zhī kě yìhuì ,bù kě yánchuán de chéngdù 。
Diplomatic rhetoric, that is jokingly referred to by the general public as empty ramblings, all more or less identical and impractical in content, in the eyes of us spokespersons, has a very strict form of expression, and has quite large room for interpretation. Sometimes it's often really just to the point where you can understand, but can't communicate it.
我们来看PPT,就“关注”和“关切”而言,两者适应的外交场合就不尽相同,关注偏重在重视,比如中东局势趋于紧张,宜用关注;而关切更强调关心,若某国发生骚乱,我国侨胞生命财产安全受到威胁,宜用关切。
wǒmen láikàn PPT ,jiù “guānzhù ”hé “guānqiè ”éryán ,liǎngzhě shìyìng de wàijiāo chǎnghé jiù bùjìn xiāngtóng ,guānzhù piānzhòng zài zhòngshì ,bǐrú zhōngdōng júshì qūyú jǐnzhāng ,yí yòng guānzhù ;ér guānqiè gèng qiángdiào guānxīn ,ruò mǒu guó fāshēng sāoluàn ,wǒguó qiáobāo shēngmìng cáichǎn ānquán shòudào wēixié ,yí yòng guānqiè 。
Lets look at the Powerpoint. When it comes to "关注", meaning "to follow something closely", and "关切", meaning "to be deeply concerned by something", the two aren't appropriate for exactly the same diplomatic scenarios, "关注" stresses seeing something as important, for example, it's appropriate to use "关注" with escalating tensions in the Middle East; whereas "关切" emphasises caring about something, for example, it's appropriate to use "关切" when there is a threat to the lives or property of Chinese people living abroad in a country where a conflict is underway.
目前在外交交涉中最常见的表述,依事件的严重程度,主要有:关注或关切、遗憾、不满或反对、抗议。目前在外交辞令上,“抗议”是最严重等级。举例来说,若日本高官参拜靖国神社后,中国外交部通常都会在第一时间表示“强烈抗议”。而抗议按照程度递进又可分为:抗议、强烈抗议和最强烈抗议。
mùqián zài wàijiāo jiāoshè zhōng zuì chángjiàn de biǎoshù ,yī shìjiàn de yánzhòng chéngdù ,zhǔyào yǒu :guānzhù huò guānqiè 、yíhàn 、bùmǎn huò fǎnduì 、kàngyì 。mùqián zài wàijiāo cílìng shàng ,“kàngyì ”shì zuì yánzhòng děngjí 。jǔlì láishuō ,ruò Rìběn gāoguān cānbài jìngguóshénshè hòu ,Zhōngguó wàijiāobù tōngcháng dōuhuì zài dì yī shíjiān biǎoshì “qiángliè kàngyì ”。ér kàngyì ànzhào chéngdù dìjìn yòu kě fēnwéi :kàngyì 、qiángliè kàngyì hé zuì qiángliè kàngyì 。
Currently the most commonly seen formulations in diplomatic negotiations, according to the degree of importance of the incident, are mainly: "关注" or "关切", "遗憾", meaning "regret", "不满" meaning "dissatisfied" or "反对", meaning "oppose" and "抗议" meaning "to protest". Currently in diplomatic rhetoric, "抗议" is the most severe level. For example, after high-level Japanese officials worship at the Yasukuni Shrine, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs will usually immediately announce their "强烈抗议" or "strong protest". "抗议" itself has different progressive levels, that can be divided into "抗议", protest, "强列抗议", strongly protest, and "最强烈抗议", protest in the strongest terms.
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