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代理孕母 Surrogacy

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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 3088 Advanced
随着医学及生物科技的发达,医学伦理的议题也越来越复杂,代理孕母无疑是复制人以外的另一个极为困难的课题,今天的讨论,虽然并不能给出什么答案,但希望能提供几个思考的方向和实用的词汇,让你们在遇到这类话题的时候能有所准备。
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SIMPLIFIED PINYIN ENGLISH  
领养 lǐngyǎng to adopt
代理孕母 dàilǐyùnmǔ surrogate
小两口 xiǎoliǎngkǒu young married couple
受理 shòulǐ to receive; to process
麦克他们呀,听说去东南亚找代理孕母了,真不知道他们小两口是怎么想的,领养孩子也不错啊,为什么要冒这个险?
Màikè tāmen ya ,tīngshuō qù dōngnányà zhǎo dàilǐyùnmǔ le ,zhēn bù zhīdào tāmen xiǎoliǎngkǒu shì zěnme xiǎng de ,lǐngyǎng háizi yě bùcuò ā ,wèishénme yào mào zhè ge xiǎn ?
I hear that Mike and his partner have gone to Southeast Asia to find a surrogate. I really don't know what the two of them are thinking. Adopting a child is a good option too, why would they run that risk?
我也才听说呢,代孕这事儿现在在国内还是违法的,不是吗?全世界目前可以受理代孕过程的国家也才只有八个,同时也并非完全合法。
wǒ yě cái tīngshuō ne ,dàiyùn zhè shìr5 xiànzài zài guónèi háishì wéifǎ de ,bùshìma ?quánshìjiè mùqián kěyǐ shòulǐ dàiyùn guòchéng de guójiā yě cái zhǐyǒu bā gè ,tóngshí yě bìngfēi wánquán héfǎ 。
I just heard about it too. Surrogacy is still illegal in this country, no? There are only eight countries that accept the surrogacy process in the world currently, whilst still not being completely legal.
当然,毕竟代孕牵涉的层面太广,从法律到科学伦理、社会正义到资源分配,全是最让人头疼的。对于不孕的夫妇来说,他们又急需这个技术来让家庭更完整,所以代孕合法化是一个迫切需要摆上台面来讨论的问题。
dāngrán ,bìjìng dàiyùn qiānshè de céngmiàn tài guǎng ,cóng fǎlǜ dào kēxué lúnlǐ 、shèhuì zhèngyì dào zīyuán fēnpèi ,quán shì zuì ràng rén tóuténg de 。duìyú bù yùn de fūfù láishuō ,tāmen yòu jíxū zhè ge jìshù lái ràng jiātíng gèng wánzhěng ,suǒyǐ dàiyùn héfǎhuà shì yī gè pòqiè xūyào bǎishàng táimiàn lái tǎolùn de wèntí 。
Of course, given that there is a broad spectrum of things involved in surrogacy. From legality to scientific ethics, from social justice to resource distribution, it really makes your head hurt. For infertile couples, they really need this technique to make their families complete, so the legalization of surrogacy is an issue that urgently needs to be discussed in the public arena.
是的,拿代理孕母的自主权来说,女性主义者向来希望代孕合法化,她们强调女性身体的完全自主权,她们认为女性无论是出于何种目的,都可以依照自己的主权与想法,作出她自主的选择,包括担任代理孕母。
shì de ,ná dàilǐyùnmǔ de zìzhǔquán láishuō ,nǚxìngzhǔyì zhě xiànglái xīwàng dàiyùn héfǎhuà ,tāmen qiángdiào nǚxìng shēntǐ de wánquán zìzhǔquán ,tāmen rènwéi nǚxìng wúlún shì chūyú hézhǒng mùdì ,dōu kěyǐ yīzhào zìjǐ de zhǔ quán yǔ xiǎngfǎ ,zuò chū tā zìzhǔ de xuǎnzé ,bāokuò dānrèn dàilǐyùnmǔ 。
Yeah, in terms of the power of the surrogates to make decisions about their own lives, feminists have always hoped for the legalization of surrogacy. They emphasize the complete autonomy that women should have in making decisions about their own body. They think that, for whatever objective, women should be able to make their own autonomous choices on the basis of their own thinking, including choosing to be a surrogate mother.
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