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IN THIS LESSON
ID: 0660 Advanced
Fri Oct 05 2007 | Jenny, 肖霞
Our lessons contain natural communication in Chinese in video and audio format. We have have lessons focused on video or a podcast format and our lessons have transcripts of Lesson Dialogues, Important Vocabulary, Expanded Materials for a deep dive into the lesson topic and Exercises focused on testing your retention.
Each lesson has it's unique vocabulary and will provide you with definitions and recordings so you can practice the pronunciation. You will also be able to grasp the core material of a lesson at a glance. Here we're showing you the Simplified Chinese version.
|record of service and qualifications
|to have good character and fame
|mainland legal system
Zhōngguó de fǎguān zěnme dōu zhème niánqīng ？zài Měiguó ，fǎguān kě dōu shì zīlì shēnhòu 、dégāowàngzhòng de rénwù 。
Why are Chinese judges so young? In America, judges are all very experienced people with great moral authority.
zhè jiù gēn liǎng ge guójiā de fǎlǜ tǐxì yǒuguān le 。Zhōngguó de fǎlǜ shǔyú dàlù fǎxì ，yě jiào chéngwénfǎ 。jiùshì shuō ，suǒyǒu de fǎlǜ dōu shì tōngguò fǎlǜ tiáowén yīyī xiě chūlai de 。Měiguó de fǎlǜ tǐxì jiù wánquán bù yīyàng le 。tā shǔyú yīngměi fǎxì ，yě jiào ànlìfǎ 。tā shì gēnjù fǎguān huòzhě péishěntuán de juéyì pàndìng de 。zhèyàng yīlái ，fǎguān jiù jùyǒu bǐjiào dà de zìzhǔquán ，néng gēnjù měige ànjiàn de shíjì qíngkuàng lái cáidìng 。suǒyǐ Měiguó de fǎguān yībān dōu xūyào hěn shēn de zīlì 。
That has to do with the difference between the two countries' legal systems. Chinese law belongs to the mainland legal system. It's also known as ''statute law." It means that all the laws are written out, one by one. The American legal system is completely different. It belongs to the Anglo-American legal system. It's also called precedent law. It's decided according to judges' or juries' judgments. In this way, the judges' power is relatively great. They can rule according to the actual facts of each case. So American judges generally need a lot of experience.
ò ，yuánlái shì zhèyàng 。nà Zhōngguó yǒu péishěntuán ma ？
Oh, so that's how it is. Does China have juries?
Zhōngguó yě yǒu péishěn zhìdù ，jiào rénmín péishěnyuán 。dànshì ，tāmen de zuòyòng hé Měiguó de péishěntuán hěn bù yīyàng 。zài Měiguó ，péishěntuán de zuòyòng shì jùdà de 。tāmen néng juédìng zuìhòu de pànjué 。tóngshí yě shì wéichí sīfǎ gōngzhèng de zhòngyào bǎozhàng 。zài yīngměi fǎxì lǐ ，péishěntuán hé fǎguān fēngōng míngquè 。qiánzhě fùzé rèndìng ànjiàn shìshí ，hǒuzhě fùzé shìyòng fǎlǜ 。rúguǒ péishěntuán cáiduàn wúzuì ，fǎguān dāngjí xuāngào bèigàorén wúzuì ，dāngtíng shìfàng 。rúguǒ cáiduàn yǒuzuì ，fǎguān zé huì yīfǎ liàngxíng 。
China also has the jury system. It's called the People's jury. But their role is different from American juries. In America, the jury is really important. They can make the final judgment. And they are an important protection for maintaining the impartiality of the law. In the Anglo-American legal system, juries and judges have a clear division of labor. The former is responsible for confirming the real facts of the case, while the latter is responsible for applying the law. If the jury finds ''not guilty," the judge immediately announces that the defendant is not guilty, and releases him at once. If, on the other hand, they find him ''guilty," the judge sentences him according to the law.
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